Monday, June 17, 2019

Archive for the ‘Global Democracy’ Category

Kenya Presidential Elections Annulled Report by Linsey Hilsum Channel 4 1 September 2017

Linsey Hilsum 1 September 2017 ‘Kenya Presidential Elections Annulled,’ Channel 4 News

Linsey Hilsum Channel 4 News International Editor’s report ‘Kenya Presidential Elections Annulled,’ covers the Supreme Court of Kenya’s annulment of the Kenya’s Presidential Elections on 1 September 2017. “It has never happened before – a presidential election in Kenya annulled by the courts.”

The video report captures the mood and reactions to the announcement by Chief Justice David Maraga, President of the Supreme Court of Kenya.

Linsey Hilsum 1 September 2017 Channel 4 ‘Kenya Presidential Elections Annulled.’ (Retrieved: 1 September 2017) Study Group Notes:
Linsey Hilsum Profile – Channel 4 News International Editor is an award-winning journalist and author of Sandstorm: Libya in the Time of Revolution .

Linsey Hilsum Twitter:

Channel 4 is a UK based publicly-owned and commercially funded UK Public Service Broadcaster, with a statutory remit to deliver high-quality, innovative, alternative content that challenges the status quo.

European Union Statement by the HR/VP following the general elections in Kenya 11 August 2017

Bruxelles, 11/08/2017 – 08:54 – UNIQUE ID: 170811_3

Statement by the High Representative/ Vice President Federica Mogherini following the general elections in Kenya

The European Union, as a partner of Kenya and its people, has closely followed the general elections that have taken place. Elections are a time to celebrate democratic expression and Kenyans have engaged to shape their country’s future.

Please read full statement here – Statement by the HR/VP following the general elections in Kenya 11 August 2017

Source: European Union External Action (2017) ‘Statement by the HR/VP following the general elections in Kenya’, Brussels 11 August 2017.

Kenya Study group Notes:
The statement states that the EU expects a sense of responsibility and leadership by all parties, by upholding the procedures and institutions as set out by the Constitution of Kenya. It expects claims of malpractice are thoroughly investigated and any challenge to the results channelled through the Constitutionally mandated judicial mechanisms: the Rule of Law, respected by all, is the very foundation of all democracies, as Kenya is. It ends by stressing the EU commitment to Kenya in this endeavour. The links to the right of the site contain some day to posts, which may interest people researching Elections.

Who are the EEAS? The EEAS is the European Union’s diplomatic service. It helps the EU’s foreign affairs chief – the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy – carry out the Union’s Common Foreign and Security Policy.

Source and Useful links:

EEAS (2017)   Statement by the HR/VP following the general elections in Kenya, Brussels 11 August 2017.

EEAS Website:



Kenya and the EU:

The Kenya Elections Daily Telegraph Thursday 10 August 2017

The Daily Telegraph Kenya Elections 2017 coverage.

There is a mixed reaction to the Kenya Elections 2017 headlines in the international papers. Many in Kenya felt that the headlines focused on a dooms day scenario – post election violence. Violence although a possibility is the last thing Kenyans and their friends want. The reports focused on the hacking allegations of the IEBC IT systems and subsequent protests in Mathare, Kisii and Kisumu. We looked at the hard copy of the Daily Telegraph 10 August 2017.

The centre section front cover of the Daily Telegraph -10 August 2017 – ‘Kenya erupts into violence over election hacking claims.’ With a picture credited to Luis Tato/AFP/Getty Images – ‘Supporters of Kenyan presidential candidate Raila Odinga protest in the slums of Nairobi after he claimed a massive hacking had manipulated election results.’

On page 12 there is a report by Adrian Bloomfield ‘Chaos in Kenya follows vote-hacking claim.’ The article reports that three people were shot dead as Kenya descended into chaos. There are two images 1 A dramatic photo credited to Luis Tato/AFP/Getty Images –  of a green shirted man kicking a burning tyre which has the illusion that his foot has caught fire as well 2 Thomas Mukoya’s photo of anti-riot police standing over a demonstrator.

The Daily Telegraph Commentary – Kenya’s Crunch Time page 15 “Kenya knows well the truth of a disputed election.” Reminds Kenya that the situation looks perilously like 2007. It warns that Kenya President Kenyatta, if confirmed winner, should not wait to act to defuse the “combustible” situation. The last paragraph offers solutions – Kenya should take the options of the peace and prosperity and not to poverty and war. The next government needs to soothe the situation. The commentary puts forward that this can be done by offering cabinet roles to the opposition.  “Wealth cannot be hoarded by the powerful. This is a fork in the road.”

Kenya politicians should heed the words from the commentary.

Useful sources and links:

Commentary ‘Kenya’s Crunch Time’, Daily Telegraph, 10 August 2017, p.15

Bloomfield, A (2017) ‘Chaos in Kenya follows vote-hacking claim’, Daily Telegraph, 10 August 2017, p. 12

Adrian Bloomfield on Twitter:

Daily Telegraph

Luis Tato – Photo Journalist Website:

Luis Tato- Photo Journalist on Twitter:


The Protector’s Choice – An Application of Protection Theory to Somali Piracy Shortland A and Varese F (2014)

The article published online in the British Journal of Criminology provides some intriguing fresh insights concerning Somali Maritime Piracy, criminality and legalised trade relationship with local clans and communities.

The research paper asks the question -“What explains the variation in piracy along the coasts of Somalia?” The authors Anja Shortland and Federico Varese answer this question by drawing upon Protection Theory and a new data set of piracy incidents. The literature spans several disciplines and suggests analytical links between the behaviour of states and that of criminal groups.

We recommend you read the following related articles highlighting this publication:

BBC Africa article ‘Somali Piracy: Roads Better than Warships.’ 10 July 2014

The Economist 12 July 2014 ‘Pirates v economists: A new weapon against Somali bandits: free trade.’


Anja Shortland is a Reader in Political Economy and Director of Postgraduate Research in the Department of Political Economy, King’s College London

Federico Varese is an Author and Professor in Criminology at Oxford University

Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies

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