Tuesday, June 19, 2018

South Africa National and Provincial Elections 7 May 2014

It will be a proud day as South Africans vote in National and Provincial Elections.

South Africa holds elections every 5 years. Voters vote for a political party, not individuals. The political party then gets a share of 400 seats in the South African Parliament in direct proportion to the number of votes it got in the election – That is they have a proportion representation system. (Source: South Africa Electoral Commission)

The South Africa Electoral Commission is the body created by the Constitution of South Africa to organise manage free and fair elections at all levels of government. Although publicly funded and accountable to parliament, we are independent of the government.”  (Source: South Africa Electoral Commission).

Recommended -For Results and News of the South African Elections 2014 visit http://www.elections.org.za/content/

Background

South Africa has a bicameral Parliament (two Houses) supported by a joint administration. The National Assembly is the House directly elected by the voters, while the National Council of Provinces is elected by the provinces and represents them to ensure that provincial interests are taken into account in the national sphere of government.

http://www.parliament.gov.za/live/content.php?Category_ID=25 (Source: Parliament of The Republic of South Africa)

 National Assembly

The South African National Assembly has 400 members. The number of seats that a party has in the Assembly is in proportion to the number of voters that voted for it in the elections.

The National Council of Provinces (NCOP)

The South African National Council of Provinces (NCOP), one of the two Houses of Parliament, came into effect in 1997. The NCOP is constitutionally mandated to ensure that provincial interests are taken into account in the national sphere of government.  This is done through participation in the national legislative process and by providing a national forum for consideration of issues affecting provinces.

The NCOP also plays a unique role in the promotion of the principles of Cooperative Government and Intergovernmental Relations.  It ensures that the three spheres of government work together in performing their unique functions in terms of the Constitution and that in doing so, they do not encroach in each other’s area of competence.

This ensures that synergy exists between the spheres on matters of concurrent competence.

(Source: Parliament of South Africa – http://www.parliament.gov.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=34)

Composition of the NCOP

The NCOP consists of 90 provincial delegates, i.e. 10 delegates for each of the nine provinces.  This means that each province is equally represented in the NCOP.

A provincial delegation consists of six permanent delegates and four special delegates.

There were approximately 200 political parties registered in South Africa in May 2014, 152were national parties and 48 provincial (regional parties).

Number of Registered Political Parties in South Africa May 2014

(Source: South Africa Electoral Commission)

Registered Parties

Level

Number of Parties

National

152

Eastern   Cape

3

Free   State

2

Gauteng

7

KwaZulu-Natal

3

Mpumalanga

5

Northern   Cape

1

Limpopo

1

North   West

3

Western   Cape

23

TOTAL: 200

(Source: South Africa Electoral Commission-  http://www.elections.org.za/content/Parties/Political-party-list/)

End

 


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