Wednesday, May 22, 2019

Archive for April, 2008

What NSIS Knew About The About Election Violence – The Nation 20th April 2008

Key words: Kenya Election Violence, Role Of Kenya’s National Security Intelligence Service, Mugumo Munene, Security Journalism in Kenya, The Nation Media Group Nairobi, Kenya

What NSIS Knew About The About Election Violence by Mugumo Munene – The Nation 20 April 2008 is a good and brave article on the role of Kenya’s intelligence gathering organisation National Security Intelligence Service (NSIS) during the 27 December 2007 General Elections and the violence that followed.

The NSIS – was created by the National Security Intelligence Service Act 1998 – Parliament of Kenya. The NSIS came into being in January 1999. The NSIS (which is independent from Kenya’s Police Force) is an independent civilian Government agency dedicated to protecting the national security interests of Kenya and safeguarding its citizens’ (source: The organisation is regarded as one of the best in Africa by certain security agencies. In his article Mugumo Munene confirms the well known fear that the Kenya’s security services knew about the possibility of election related political violence and warned the appropriate people and organisations of the looming danger at “tactical, operational and strategic levels”, even to date – for example, the recent Munigiki attacks in major towns in Kenya in April 2007. Quoting a retired officer, the article highlights – that due to past ‘human right misdemeanours’ by the dreaded Special Branch and the Directorate Of Security (DSI) which had powers to arrest, interrogate or prosecute suspects and would add ‘neutralise’, these powers were removed by the National Security Intelligence Act (1998) enacted by Kenya’s Parliament (ironically to take Kenya away from the image of the torture chambers used by the Special Branch). The retired officer draws attention to recommendations put forward by the NSIS with aim of improving security in the country. These recommendations were rejected by parliament. For example – criminalising Hate Speech (used effectively by politicians prior and post Kenya Elections) and Hate Speech in the media, especially via the ethnic language FM radio network in Kenya. What is extremely worrying in the article is the comment “The official was not optimistic that Kenya will be secure, unless there is further development of the criminal intelligence wing of the police and a lot more investment in law and order”. End

Useful Link:

Historical Role of NSIS Kenya including – The Special Branch and the Directorate Of Security Intelligence.

Mugabe Attacks Opposition And UK – BBC News Africa – Friday 18th April 2008 15.25 GMT

BBC news report – Mugabe Attacks Opposition And UK.

Gwyneth Dunwoody

Gwyneth Dunwoody MP for Crewe and Nantwich, Age 77, a member of the Labour Party and the UK’s longesr serving female MP in Parliament died on 17th April 2008 after a short illness.

Her interest was transport and the National Health Service. She had a special interest in Botswana, Central Africa, East Africa and the Middle East.
BBC News -Gwyneth Dunwoody Dies; Tribute By Gordon Brown; UK House of Parliament. End

A Time For Healing – The Nation 18th April 2008

The Nation has numerous relevant articles. Bernard Namunane’s ‘A Time To Heal’ is the account of the swearing ceremony of the grand coalition cabinet in Nairobi, Kenya 18th April 2008.

President Kibaki and Prime Minister Raila Odinga Thursday pledged to work together to heal and re-unite the country’.The Nation’s Editorial ‘A New Cabinet Is Just The Beginning’. warns ‘There will be a great temptation right now to think that our national problems have been solved and we can all go back to business as usual’.

Lucy Oriang continues on s similar theme in her reflective article ‘We have a government, but who is the Sheriff’ around here?’ She starts the article “With the swearing in ceremony out of the way, it is time for soul-searching’.

Paul Redfern, the Nation’s correspondent in London focuses on the cost of funding the ‘grand coalition government’ and ‘no punches pulled’ concerns in the UK media– Bloated Cabinet may block efforts to get donor funds’.

If you are following the ‘seating arrangements’ in Kenya’s parliament then the article – ‘House To Run Without Official Opposition’.will be of interest. The article states that ‘Parliament will operate without an official Opposition until MPs amend the rules and the Constitution’.

If you are a member of the civil society then the following article provides a useful update to the situation of democracy and disabled people in the developing countries such as Kenya. “Poverty, exclusion from decision making forums and general inequality in society are some of the key issues that affect disabled people more than any other group in society” writes Caroline Wafula The disabled pitch their case over continued relegation’ highlighting the sad situation in Kenya where no person with disability was nominated nor elected to the 10th Kenya Parliament.

Finally, If you are not a Mugabe sympathiser then you will love the Nation’s political cartoon by GADO The Nation 18th April 2008 End.

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